It is known that climate change has negative and irreversible repercussions on our Planet, but how will it affect our lives? A study by the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), entitled “Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability“, analyzed in detail how climate change will change our lives.

The negative impacts of global warming are hindering the efforts toward sustainable development. Therefore, it is essential to increase the production of green energy and limit the use of fossil fuels to reduce emissions by 45% by 2030. Antonello Pasini, climatologist and professor of climate physics, comments:

“We need to act quickly and study mitigation and structural adaptation actions to mitigate the long-term detrimental effects”.

The impact of climate change on Europe and the Mediterranean area

The study analyzes critical issues on a local scale, identifying ways to adapt and risks that cannot be avoided. For example, Piero Lionella, a member of the CMCC (Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change), explains that the Mediterranean area tends to warm up more than average, and the reduction in rainfall increases the risk of dryness. Added to this are the concentration of the population in urban areas, the threat of rising seas, and the rise in temperature that threatens tourism and marine ecosystems.

green buildings, green areas and sustainable means of transportation make up sustainable cities to mitigate climate change and the negative impacts on our lives
Green buildings and sustainable means of transportation improve the sustainability of cities (Photo via Canva Pro)

Sustainable cities could be the solution. Indeed, green buildings, renewable energy, and sustainable transport systems can reduce the impacts of climate change in cities.

The impact of climate change on our lives

A Lancet study surveyed 10,000 young people between the ages of 16 and 25 and revealed that the vast majority are very concerned about climate change and how it will change our lives.

a group of young people protesting against climate change
Climate change is an imminent problem and mitigation plans are needed (Photo via Canva Pro)

The report considers short-term (today-2040), medium-term (2041-2060), and long-term (2081-2100). The study anticipates that, by 2100, the population exposed to heat stress will increase from 30% to 76%. Water scarcity will be a problem for 3 billion people, and hunger will touch 80 million people. In addition, some areas will become uninhabitable.

A plan for resilience

IPCC scientists have come up with a possible solution. The resilience plan has been called “Climate Resilient Development” and combines adaptation actions to mitigate climate change and negative repercussions that affect not only the Planet but also our lives. Despite this, these mitigation actions need to be constantly reviewed over the years to be effective.

IPCC resilience plan to mitigate climate change
The IPCC resilience plan

Cover image via Canva Pro

Author: Stefania Angeli

Hi! My name is Stefania, and I’m a student of the degree course in “International Tourism and Leisure Industries” at the University of Bologna. My passion for traveling was sparkled by study trips and hiking in Trentino, where I was born and raised. Moreover, living in the US for one year has brought me closer to environmental sustainability issues, that were dear to my host family. My favorite travel? Interrail in Scandinavia, because it doesn’t take much to spend a memorable trip and contribute to the protection of the environment that surrounds us!
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