193 are the official countries members of the United Nation that have signed a program with 17 Goals and 169 Targets, after the 2015 World Summit on Sustainable Development, to achieve by 2030.

15 years to improve our Sustainability!

17 Sustainable Goals for Sustainable Development on the 2030 Agenda
17 Goals on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, via Wikimedia Commons

What does Sustainable Development mean?

Sustainable Development means acting consciously, meeting the needs of the present without affecting the needs of future generations.

Three elements are fundamental for Sustainable Development:

  • Economic growth
  • Social inclusion
  • Environmental protection

Let’s go deeper. We’re going to discover together the 17 Sustainable Goals of the 2030 Agenda.

1. No Poverty

Nowadays, 836 million people are living in conditions of extreme poverty. Most of these people live with 1,25 dollars per day. This is the reason why this issue is the first Goal in the 2030 Agenda.

no poverty for sustainable development
Photo by Aa Dil, on Unsplash

2. Zero Hunger

It is an alarming fact that one in nine people is undernourished. It is necessary to reduce waste in our everyday life; every single action can help in stopping this phenomenon. Also, agriculture is the most profitable sector, so we should improve the researches for sustainable agriculture.

biological agriculture for sustainable development
Biological agriculture for Sustainable Development, photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash

3. Good health and well-being

Good health and well-being for everyone at every age are essential for Sustainable Development. Two vital elements in this Goal are financing researches and fighting against infectious disease, but also a natural environment that can help us stay healthy.

health care for sustainable development
Ensure health care for everybody, photo on Pexels

4. Quality education

Illiteracy is still a problem. Education must be equal, quality and available to all. This is the requirement to achieve social inclusion. Therefore, increase the number of study grants for developing countries is one of the Targets on the 2030 Agenda.

Quality education for everyone to achieve a Sustainable Development
Quality education for everyone to achieve a Sustainable Development, photo on Unsplash

5. Gender equality

Gender equality means that every single person in the world has the same rights and duties. This is why women and girls have the right to have a quality education, medical care, and decent work.

gender equality and decent work for Sustainable Development
Photo on Unslpash

6. Clean water and sanitation

More than 40 % of the world population have water shortage problems, even if our planet has sufficient water resources for everyone. Economical and political interests are also on primary goods like water. United Nations has promised to fight against these criminal operations. Read the book “Water Grabbing” for further investigation.

water is primary good for sustainable development
Water is a primary public good, photo by Imani on Unsplash

7. Affordable and clean energy

Energy is fundamental for life on earth. It is necessary to improve renewable and modern energies (an example here) to achieve Sustainable Development and to make them available to the general public.

Wind turbines as a source of renewable energy
Wind turbines in Greece, photo on Unsplash

8. Decent work and economic growth

Global unemployment is increasing, especially for young people. ONU has listed many Targets to improve lasting, inclusive and sustainable economic growth. They are also trying to introduce diversification, technological progress, and innovation.

Lasting economic growth for Sustainable Development
Lasting economic growth for Sustainable Development, photo on Pexels

9. Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

Investments in Infrastructure are essential for Sustainable Development. The 2030 Agenda is committed to boosting infrastructure, quality, resilient and sustainable industries, especially for the developing world.

Investments in Infrastrucutre for Sustainable Development
Photo by John O’Nolan, on Unsplash

10. Reduced Inequalities

Raise your voice against discrimination: income inequality, poverty, and social exclusion. So, the United Nations have established 7 Targets to ensure equality all around the world.

fight poverty for sustainable development
Fight against poverty and inequality, photo by Dazzle Jam on Pexels

11. Sustainable Cities and Communities

Half the world population lives in a city. Urban development is inevitable, so we need to implement sustainable and eco-friendly plans in our cities. A great example is the green Danish capital, Copenhagen.

more bikes and less cars for Sustainable Development
Bikes are the main mean of transport in Copenhagen, photo by Cale Weaven on Unsplash

12. Responsible Consumption and Production

Only buy what’s absolutely necessary. Water, energy, and food are primary and finite resources. We must handle it sustainably, for example, decreasing waste. Here there are 12 tips to live a green-oriented life and do informed purchases. Moreover, sustainable tourism is one of the Targets on the 2030 Agenda.

waste collection can help responsible consumption for sustainable development
Waste Collection can help Responsible Consumption for Sustainable Development, photo by Paweł Czerwiński on Unsplash

13. Climate action

As Greta Thunberg has shown us, we all need to fight against climate change. ONU said that our planet is seriously in danger, there is a worldwide alert. It is necessary not only to build clean and sustainable economies but also do everyday conscious actions to help our beautiful Earth.

Strike for Sustainable Development
Peaceful Strike for more Awareness for Sustainable Development and Climate Change

14. Life below water

Oceans and sea animals are vital for Earth’s biodiversity. Their elements are essential for life on our planet. Within this goal, there are many aims to achieve, from the elimination of illegal fishing to the reduction of marine pollution.

stop pollution in the oceans to save turtles for sustainable development
Plastic in the oceans are killing more than a thousand turtles per year, photo by Maria Isabella Bernotti on Pexels

15. Life on Land

There are two important challenges for Sustainable Development: decrease deforestation and desertification. There are many projects and associations to help forests and all-natural habitats.

Stop deforestation for Sustainable Development on the 2030 Agenda
Stop deforestation for Sustainable Development on the 2030 Agenda, photo on Unsplash

16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Corruption is still a problem in many countries. For this reason, the United Nations wants to change institutions and improve inclusion, with no violence or exploitation.

international peace and justice for Sustainable Development
International peace and justice for Sustainable Development, photo on Pexels

17. Partnerships

The last Goal on the Agenda is to strengthen relationship between ONU and all governments, private sector and civil societies that can help implement these Goals for Sustainable Development.

The United Nations for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Comment this article with your opinions about the theme! And check this: 6 Tips For Bringing Sustainability Into Your Travel!

Cover image: Photo by Mert Guller on Unsplash

Author: Camilla Tecchio

I’m Camilla, 22 years old, student of Linguistic Mediation at University of Trento. Travelling is my passion and being in contact with the nature is my favourite part of every new experience. I believe in sustainability because I fell I need to take care of the environment that surrounds me in any situation, for our common future.
More posts by Camilla Tecchio →

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