Čemernik is named after a poisonous plant čemeřice (Veratrum), which, along with other mountain herbs, is plentiful on this mountain. Dominated by white hellebore (V. album L.), but in recent years began to dry and vanishes with its pastures.
Thanks to the beech forests which covered, Čemernik is rich in waters. Great sources include: White water, almost at the very top of the Great Čemernik, at 1,585 m, then Ignjatova stream, Popov kladenac, Kijevska stream, Pavlov source under Paul Gramade, Rozanski Kladanac above Kacar, Nikolin Kladanac, as well as a number of sources, about 80, in the forested cove called Valmista, below Mali Čemernik. It is interesting that over the White-water outgrowth of healing water - Orlovac (at about 1,610 m), whose waters after five or six meters the flow plunges. It is stable and in the hottest months. Hence the river network on Cemernik highly branched. Streams, brooks and rivers flow in different directions and generally flow into the South Morava and Vlasina Lake.
Čemernik has always been covered by beech which has reached up to 1400 - 1500 meters high. On the south-western spurs of this mountain for thirty years suddenly began to grow birch, which by then there was not.
Downy birch Betulapubescens, this specie is resistant to low temperatures. It grows alongside other trees or makes the forest by itself. It thrives best in dry, sandy soil and in bright, open spaces, in plains, hills and mountains.
Čemernik is known for its spacious dwelt blueberries. On the slopes of Čemernik of protected species habitat exists Zelenicje, rare species of laurel cherry (Prunus lauraceratus), in a protected area Zelenicje. Flora of this mountain made protected species: downy birch (Betula pubescenus Ehrh), pheasant's eye (Adonis vernalis L.) and sundew (Drosera rotundifolia). There's yarrow and Moonshine Yarrow (Achillea Clipealata) and others.
There are a lot of streams of clean water along the way on the top of mountain Cemernik. In addition to blueberries, from plants which is under the control of use and trade, grow here: juniper (Juniperus communis L.) and primroses (Primula Veris Huds.), A mushroom: summer and autumn boletus (Boletus edulis Bull. Ex Fr), morels (genus Morchella), chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius L. ex. Fr) and milkfish (genus Lactarius).
Forests dominated by species of white beech, there are parts of the mountain on which it occurs and red beech, which is a higher quality wood. This Mountain is the most accessible to the visitors and it is not difficult to climb. For this reason there are 4 trails (although there are a lot of other approaches and the forest roads). The trail no 4 on asphalt from the mahala Vuckovi up to the top and that is approximately 7 kilometers, after that it is up to you to decide which way down.
Info: You can contact the Vlasina Gardens where it is also possible to organize tours for collecting herbs and mushrooms, photo safari and workshops for products made from local wild fruits and herbs.
Contact: Lidija Arsić, + 381 63 7728970, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.vlasinskivrtovi.com.
Do the tour on foot in order to really enjoy this beautiful nature!